Table of Contents :
From a socio-economic perspective, the Mediterranean Sea is a very complex region. In it we can find different groups of fishermen with sometimes conflicting interests, valuable but limited resources, and a huge consumer market in which demand exceeds supply by far. This delicate situation usually requires management decisions. Any decision, even if this is one of non-intervention, may give rise to a number of problems. For this reason, managers need objective arguments to support their decisions, Economic indicators are a part of these objective arguments. Still, having reliable economic indicators is nor easy nor immediate. It often happens that access to the data necessary for constructing the indicators is very difficult. The methods used by researchers for data collection never coincide with each other, and some data have never been compiled.
The GFCM understood that something had to be done to circumvent all these gaps and, accordingly, it decided to set up a different study concerning socio economic indicators. The aim of this studies would be to provide insight into the difficulties in the collection of these pieces of information, to bring some light into their usefulness and to establish an adequate methodology applicable across the whole Mediterranean Sea.
Thus, the Scientific Advisory Committee of the GFCM (SAC) realised the need to set up a database on the socio-economic indicators of Mediterranean fisheries. In this respect, in March 1998 the working paper prepared for the meeting of the Working Party on Fishery Statistics and Economics of the former GFCM and the conclusions reached at that meeting were regarded as key reference points.
At the suggestion of FAO/FIPP, it was proposed to carry out a pilot study on the economic indicators of the Mediterranean Sea, taking advantage of the framework provided by FAO Scientist Visitors Programme to develop the first feasibility assessment study on the Setting up of a socio-economic indicator database for Mediterranean fisheries.
In January 2001 the Working Group of the Sub-Committee on Socio-economic indicators revised the results obtained and defined the new working lines that assure the continuity of the labour initiated.
On the one hand, the indicators should permit to know the capacity level of the main fleets and gear types; on the other hand, together with other indicators (especially biological indicators), they should be used as an objective guide for the analysis of management proposals made or measures taken for this region.
These indicators are expected to allow a systemic approach to the knowledge of the socio-economic reality of the fishing sector in every country concerned. This knowledge should be aimed mainly at analysing the impact of ongoing changes in these fisheries on every fleet, area and country. Namely: changes in production, in prices, in costs, in economic yields, in employment, in technology and also changes in the resources (which may for example call for rest periods).
This kind of analysis had to fit in with the rest of the SAC’s activities; therefore, when possible, the work developed tries to estimate the indicators according to the regions as defined by the GFCM.
It is expected that at a first stage these studies allow:
Sector of Marine Wealth
Scander Ben Salem,
The first results of the study on Alboran sea are going to be published by GFCM-FAO. At this moment, samplings are being effected in the West of Algeria (to complete the Alboran sea study) and in the East of Tunisia (Gulf of Gabes).
Mr. Fabiane Dures (IFREMER) foresees to apply the methodology used in the economic sampling programs carried out by IFREMER in France
Fernanda de Andrea (Mazzara del Vallo, Italy) is preparing the development of samplings in the Sicilian coast area.
On the other hand, the Sub-Committee foresees to have meetings with experts from the Adriatic area through collaboration with Adriamed Project.
Finally, the Working Group on indicators has proposed to convene, beginning 2002, a Workshop on the use of indicators to effect simulations on management measures from the database that is being compiled.
For any consultation or initiative, please contact the Sub-Committee Coordinator, Mr. Malouli Idrissimailto:email@example.com
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