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Proyecto CGP/REM/057/SPA
Actualisation 30/03/2005


Feasibility Assessment Study on the Setting-up of a Socio-economic Indicators Database for Mediterranean Fisheries


Table of Contents :

Introduction Top

From a socio-economic perspective, the Mediterranean Sea is a very complex region. In it we can find different groups of fishermen with sometimes conflicting interests, valuable but limited resources, and a huge consumer market in which demand exceeds supply by far. This delicate situation usually requires management decisions. Any decision, even if this is one of non-intervention, may give rise to a number of problems. For this reason, managers need objective arguments to support their decisions, Economic indicators are a part of these objective arguments. Still, having reliable economic indicators is nor easy nor immediate. It often happens that access to the data necessary for constructing the indicators is very difficult. The methods used by researchers for data collection never coincide with each other, and some data have never been compiled.

The GFCM understood that something had to be done to circumvent all these gaps and, accordingly, it decided to set up a different study concerning socio economic indicators. The aim of this studies would be to provide insight into the difficulties in the collection of these pieces of information, to bring some light into their usefulness and to establish an adequate methodology applicable across the whole Mediterranean Sea.

Thus, the Scientific Advisory Committee of the GFCM (SAC) realised the need to set up a database on the socio-economic indicators of Mediterranean fisheries. In this respect, in March 1998 the working paper prepared for the meeting of the Working Party on Fishery Statistics and Economics of the former GFCM and the conclusions reached at that meeting were regarded as key reference points.

At the suggestion of FAO/FIPP, it was proposed to carry out a pilot study on the economic indicators of the Mediterranean Sea, taking advantage of the framework provided by FAO Scientist Visitors Programme to develop the first feasibility assessment study on the Setting up of a socio-economic indicator database for Mediterranean fisheries.

In January 2001 the Working Group of the Sub-Committee on Socio-economic indicators revised the results obtained and defined the new working lines that assure the continuity of the labour initiated.


Objectives Top

On the one hand, the indicators should permit to know the capacity level of the main fleets and gear types; on the other hand, together with other indicators (especially biological indicators), they should be used as an objective guide for the analysis of management proposals made or measures taken for this region.

These indicators are expected to allow a systemic approach to the knowledge of the socio-economic reality of the fishing sector in every country concerned. This knowledge should be aimed mainly at analysing the impact of ongoing changes in these fisheries on every fleet, area and country. Namely: changes in production, in prices, in costs, in economic yields, in employment, in technology and also changes in the resources (which may for example call for rest periods).

This kind of analysis had to fit in with the rest of the SAC’s activities; therefore, when possible, the work developed tries to estimate the indicators according to the regions as defined by the GFCM.

It is expected that at a first stage these studies allow:

  1. to define homogeneous Operational Units (O.U) for the studied areas that allow to compare among several Management Units
  2. The final number of the Operational Units to be representative enough of the present diversity, but sufficiently restricted to be feasible from the point of view of the cost of the necessary analysis and samplings
  3. to define, within each Management Unit, a suitable number of local Operational Units that represent the proportional dimension from the markets and the management point of view and that are based on the definition of the coastal areas under the influence of the main landing ports
  4. to build specific database and software to produce indicators in a specific way.
  5. to test different management strategies through the simulation with bioeconomic models (first example is BEMMFISH).
Participants Top


Dr. Ramon Franquesa,
Gabinete de Economía del Mar de la
Universidad de Barcelona,
E-Mail: ramon@gemub.com 

Other participants:

Malouli Idrissi Mohammed,
Centre Regional de Nador de
l'Institut National de la Recherche Haleutique (INRH),
E-Mail: malouli@nadornet.net.ma

Ahmed Abukhder
Sector of Marine Wealth
E-Mail: abuk53@yahoo.com

Scander Ben Salem,  
Institut National des Sciences et Technologies de la Mer (INSTM)
La Goulette,

Djamila Ferhane
Centre National de Developpement de la Pêche te de la Acquaculture (CNPDA)

Mouloud Hachemane
Centre National de Developpement de la Pêche te de la Acquaculture (CNPDA)


Present Situation Top

The first results of the study on Alboran sea are going to be published by GFCM-FAO. At this moment, samplings are being effected in the West of Algeria (to complete the Alboran sea study) and in the East of Tunisia (Gulf of Gabes).

Mr. Fabiane Dures (IFREMER) foresees to apply the methodology used in the economic sampling programs carried out by IFREMER in France

Fernanda de Andrea (Mazzara del Vallo, Italy) is preparing the development of samplings in the Sicilian coast area.

On the other hand, the Sub-Committee foresees to have meetings with experts from the Adriatic area through collaboration with Adriamed Project.

Finally, the Working Group on indicators has proposed to convene, beginning 2002, a Workshop on the use of indicators to effect simulations on management measures from the database that is being compiled.

For any consultation or initiative, please contact the Sub-Committee Coordinator, Mr. Malouli Idrissi mailto:malouli@nadornet.net.ma

Documents Top
  • Indicateurs socioéconomiques pour la pêche dans les régions Nord et Est de la Tunisie. Étude de cas (2005) - S. Ben Salem, R. Franquesa Artes

Document in English

  • Indicateurs socioéconomiques pour la pêche dans le Golfe de Gabés (Tunisie). Étude de cas. (2002) - S. Ben Salem, R. Franquesa Artes, A. El Abed

Document in English

  • GFCM Studies and Reviews No. 71- Feasibility assessment for a database on socio-economic indicatores for Mediterranean fisheries (2001) - R. Franquesa Artes, M. Malouli Idrissi, J.A. Alarcón Urbistondo

 Document in English

  • Les indicateurs de tendance socio-économique dans le processus d'aménagement des pêches en Méditerranée
    GFCM:WP/97/3  (1997) R. Franquesa, D. Bailly

Document en français

Bibliography Top

Annual Economic Report, 1998. Concerted action FAIR PL97-3541 of European Commission.

Annual Economic Report, 1999. Concerted action FAIR PL97-3541 of European Commission.

Bailly, D. & Franquesa, R. (1998) Les indicateurs socio-économiques dans l’aménagement des pêches en Méditerranée: éléments de réflexion, march 1998. Working Party on Fisheries Economics and Statistics of GFCM, WP/98/3. Roma.

Bailly, D. & Franquesa, R. (1999) Social and Economic Indicators for Fisheries management in the Mediterranean. Chp 12 in Europe's Southern Waters: Management Issues and Practice, Ed. By David Symes, Fishing News Books, London.

Boncoeur, J. Le Gallic, B. (1998), Enquête économique sur la pêche professionelle française en Manche , CEDEM, Best, France.

Breuil, C. (1997) Les pêches en Méditerranée: éléments d'information sur le contexte halieutique et les enjeux économiques de leur aménagement . FAO Circulaire sur les pêches. No. 927, Rome.

FAO (1999), The development and use of indicators for sustainable development of marine capture fisheries , Australian FAO Technical Consultation on Sustainability Indicators in Marine Capture Fisheries, (Sydney, 18-22 January 1999), Rome.

FAO, Fisheries Report, no. 579. Report of the second session of the Working Party on Fisheries Economics and Statistics. Appendix E, Report of the ad hoc Experts Group on Socioeconomic indicators, pp 54-57. March 1998.

FAO, Fisheries Statistics, commodities, vol.85, 1997, Roma, 1999.

FAO, Fisheries Technical Paper, no. 377. Economic viability of marine capture fisheries. Findings of a global study and an interregional workshop. Roma, 1999..

Malouli, I. Situation actuelle de la peche artisanale en Mediterranee Marocaine, INRH, Centre Régional de Nador, mars 1999 (raport FAO-COPMED).

Pascoe, S. Mardle, S. and James, C. Suitability of the herring model for multi-species and multi-fleet fisheries: the North Sea roundfish as a case study. European Community's contribution to OECD study on the economic impact of the transition to responsible fishing. July 1999, AGR/FI/RD(99)16 OECD.

Robles, R. ed. (1999) Review of Mediterranean Fisheries Situation and Management, Informes y estudios COPEMED, n. 1.