CopeMed II is a project under the responsibility of the Fisheries and Aquaculture Management Division (FIMF). Fisheries and Aquaculture Department. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Rome.

Coordination to Support Fisheries Management in the Western and Central Mediterranean.
CopeMed Phase II

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COUNTRY FISHERY INFORMATION: LIBYA

ALGERIA

FRANCE

ITALY

LIBYA

MALTA

MOROCCO

SPAIN

TUNISIA

 
GENERAL STATISTICS pdf format Clic here to download acrobat reader
Area (kmq) 1775500
geographic coordinates 33 54N, 13 11E
coastline (km) 1970
 
 
GENERAL ECONOMIC DATA  
population (millions 2005 est.)* 5.9
annual population growth rate (1975-2005)* 2.9%
gross domestic product (GDP per capita annual growth rate) (1990-2005)* 2.5%
(on a period shorter than that specified)
education index, 2005*  0.875
human development index (HDI) value, 2005* 0.818
urban population (as % of total) 2005* 84.8
infant mortality rate (per 1.000 live births) 2005* 18
internet users (per 1.000 people) 2005** 40
personal computers (per 1.000 people) 2005 est.** n.a.
agriculture, value added (% of GDP) 2005 est.** n.a.
industry, value added (% of GDP) 2002 est.** n.a.
services, etc., value added (% of GDP)2005 est.** n.a.

The Libyan Arab Jamahiriya covers 1 775 500 Km2, which is desert territory for the 90 percent. The Mediterranean Sea is in the North part of the country, while the Republic borders with Egypt to the East, Sudan to the Southeast, Chad and Niger to the South, and Algeria and Tunisia to the West. Coastline is 1 970 km and population in 2005 was estimated to be about 5.9 million inhabitants.
The Libyan Arab Jamahiriya’s marine coast lies in the FAO-GFCM Geographical Sub Area 21.
Four different types of fishing activities are normally carried out in Libyan Arab Jamahiriya: artisanal coastal fishing, lampara fishing, coastal trawling and tuna fishing. Sponge fishing is not so significant anymore as it was in the past. Most of the catches come from the nets of the artisanal vessels targeting demersal fishes and lampara targeting the small pelagic fishes, while tunas industrial fishery provides less than four percent of the total landed. Inland fishery is negligible.

Aquaculture is a recent activity in the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya and nevertheless the Government effort in promoting projects and pushing private enterprises start up, the production is still below the expected performances.
The fleet is mainly composed by artisanal vessel (92.5 percent), the rest of the fleet is made of 135 lampara vessel and 15 tuna vessel including, purse seines and long liners. About 66 percent of the small crafts are equipped with an outboard engine between 10-35 Hp range. The 1 866 artisanal vessels land their catches in 135 landing places, 76 of which are permanent while the rest work on a seasonal basis.

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya domestic fisheries product in 2006 was approximately 40 827 tonnes, 40 347 of which from capture fisheries and 480 from aquaculture.
Fishery imports, in the period 2003-2005, totalled an annual average of about 11 748 tonnes, while fish exports stood at 3 275 tonnes.
Fishery imports in 2006 totalled about 33 288 (1 000 USD) while exports was 7 647 (1 000 USD) with a net balance of -25 641 (1 000 USD). In 2003-2005, average per capita supply was 9.5 kg/year. (FAO, 2008).

FISHERIES DATA  
total fisheries production (t) 2006*** 40827
capture production (t) 2006*** 40347
aquaculture production (t) 2006*** 480
per caput fish supply (kg/year, 2003-2005)*** 9.5
production (tonnes in live weight) 2003-2005*** 46467
non-food uses (tonnes in live weight) 2003-2005*** 0
imports (tonnes in live weight) 2003-2005*** 11748
exports (tonnes in live weight) 2003-2005*** 3275
food supply (tonnes in live weight) 2003-2005*** 54946
imports (US$ 1.000) 2006*** 33288
exports (US$ 1.000) 2006*** 7647
net balance 2006*** -25641
fishery exports as a percentage of agricultural exports (%) 2003*** n.a.
fishery exports as a percentage of total merchandise exports (%) 2006*** n.a.
· *UNDP. Human Development Report
· **The World Bank
· ***FAO Yearbook of Fishery Statistics - 2003



Source: FAO – FISHSTAT

 OTHER RESOURCES
·

FAO Country Profiles and Mapping Information Systems of:

   
- Morocco - France · FAO Fisheries Country Profile
- Spain - Tunisia · DG Fisheries and Maritime Affairs
- Malta - Morocco · FAO FISHSTAT Plus
- Spain - Tunisia · FAO Yearbooks of Fishery Statistics

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